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Three algorithms for efficiency analysis of energy consumption in IEEE 802.11 Standard Wireless LAN (WLAN)

Engineering Research

Academic Paper 2020 34 Pages

Computer Science - Miscellaneous

Excerpt

Chapter of Contents:

1. Chapter-1: What is WLAN? Components of WLAN

2. Chapter-2: Need based Energy Algorithm and its working efficiency

3. Chapter-3: Energy Efficiency in IEEE 802.11 Standard WLAN through MWTDP

4. Chapter-4 Energy Efficiency in IEEE 802.11 standard WLAN through MWTPP

5. Chapter-5: Energy Efficiency in IEEE 802.11 standard WLAN through MWTPP and comparing its performance with CLP, NBEP and MWDTP

Chapter-1: What is WLAN? Components of WLAN

What is IEEE standard WLAN?

Wireless LAN is a computer network type. This infrastructure network is defined by the IEEE standard 802.11. It is an extension of wired network. The communication speed of this type of network is 1mbps to 54 mbps. It can cover a small office to maximum a campus. It needs a central device for controlling which is called base station or access-point(AP). Within one base station or AP the transmission covers minimum 60 feet to maximum not more than 300 feet.

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The above figure is an example of an WLAN. The structure contains AP, switch, router, mobile, computer, laptop and mobile. The devices in the entire network is connected through the AP and the router is used to connect the WLAN to the Internet.

Components of WLAN:

1. Computers
2. User Devices like PCs, Laptops, PDAs, mobiles etc.
3. Network interface card
4. Central device the base station or access point (AP)
5. Router
6. Repeaters
7. Antennae etc.

The above components are used in a typically designed WLAN. The design may vary from situation to situation and some time more network devices may be incorporated in another form of WLAN.

The incoming chapters will explain some more interesting facts of wireless LAN.

Chapter-2

Need based Energy Algorithm and its working efficiency

ABSTRACT

The primary aim of this work is to enhance the energy conservation. This can be achieved by reducing the spending of energy in the network, i.e. in the considered WLAN. One algorithm is proposed in this study which is based on energy for the different needs of the network. In the proposed study, the movements of the wireless nodes yield in old routing-paths, due to the lack of route accumulation updating. For that, a new cross layer framework is implemented along with the proposed algorithm to improve route supply performance in AODV. Using simulation, the results found for the proposed algorithm and the results show that it achieves better performance than the existing methods.

General Terms

NBE-Algorithm which is used to enhance the Energy Conservation and thus making the network more efficient in terms of Energy Consumption

Keywords

NBE (Need Based Energy), PDR (Packet Delivery Ratio), E2E Delay (End to End Delay), WLAN (Wireless LAN),.

1. INTRODUCTION

1.1 What is WLAN?

The basic definition of WLAN is the collection of mobile nodes with a centralized infrastructure, i.e. Access-Pont (AP).

1.2 Assumptions for the study:

The fundamental assumption or supposition is that the nodes involved in the Network i.e. in the WLAN will always same type of packets and spend same amount of energy to forward any packet and also data rate will be fixed in the network. Generally, the nodes in any WLAN collect route information through overhearing and accumulate those in route caches by using AODV protocol. These nodes devour power unnecessarily due to overhearing the transmissions of their neighbors. For this reason, the network performance is enhanced but more energy consumption occurs unnecessarily. The study aims to reduce the effect of spending energy with the help of the proposed algorithm Need Based Energy (NBE) algorithm. The movements of the nodes yield in old routing-paths, due to the lack of route accumulation updating. For that, a new cross layer framework is implemented along with the

NBE to improve route supply performance in AODV. Using simulation, the results found for the proposed algorithm shows that it achieves better performance than the existing methods.

1.3 Proposed study includes the following in the WLAN model:

a) Sending beacon message to check the nodes availability
b) Maintaining Routing table
c) Select the path based on the energy level from routing table
d) Choose the best quality of service parameter
e) Implemented message broad casting to minimize packet loss
f) Increase the quality of service
g) Increase the efficiency in energy consumption
h) Increase the delivery ratio and decrease the delay and packet loss

Energy MODEL

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In the energy computation, a simple energy model is used where every node or station initializes with an initial energy and while transmitting any packet from one node to another it consumes one unit of energy. To organize the entire work four module are used.

2.1 BBCM (Basic-Service-Set, Basic-Service-Area Creation Module):

This module creates the BSS and BSA. The module takes two parameters data rate and number of nodes.

2.2 AOM (Address Organization Module):

This module takes address of each node and specifies the source and destination for sending and receiving data. Message is sent to each node randomly.

2.3 LPM (Log-Preparing-Module):

This module takes location information of the network and prepares a log-table along with the necessary information its weights. Then it selects the next hop on the basis of its energy consumption. It does by calculating the average distance of all the neighbouring nodes and checks their energy level. Finally it selects all such nodes which are active and having maximum energy with less than or equal to the average distance among its entire neighbours.

2.4 HDMGM (Hop Destination Map Generator Module):

This module forwards the packets to other nodes and generates the next hop destination map which is the result of the routing algorithm we used and forwards the received packets to the selected nodes. This gives the entire information to each nodes about its own as well as all the possible neighbouring nodes along with their energy level. This information updates after each transmission. Finally the module gives the output nodes in the network.

3. ANALYSIS

The following QoS metrics are used to analyze the performance of the network of the Existing and Proposed Model:

End-to-End Delay (E2E Delay)

PDR (Packet Delivery Ratio)

Packet Lost

Energy Consumption

3.1 E2E Delay

The basic definition of End-to-end Delay in network is the average time taken by a data packet to arrive in the destination. It also includes the delay caused by route discovery process and the queue in data packet transmission. Only the data packets that successfully delivered to destinations that counted.

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The interpretation of E2E delay is the lower value of end to end delay means the better performance of the protocol. Hence our proposed model shows better performance as the end-to-end delay differs with the proposed system in a quite distinctly as in the existing the existing system end-to-end delay is quite big in terms of the proposed system. During the time progresses the network shows quite a distinct packet delay. The following are some set of values given for immediate comparison and the graph generated by ns2 shows how better the proposed system worked.

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3.2. PDR (Packet Delivery Ratio):

The meaning of Packet delivery ratio in terms of network performance metric is the ratio of the number of delivered data packet to the destination. This actually illustrates the level of delivered data to the destination i.e.

PDR= Sum of all Number of packets received / Sum of all Number of packets sent

The interpretation of PDR is that the greater value of packet delivery ratio means the better performance of the protocol. Hence, the PDR shows in our proposed model is better as PDR differs with the proposed system in a quite distinctly as in the existing the existing system. The PDR is quite high in terms of the proposed system.

The following are some set of values given for immediate comparison and the graph generated by ns2 shows how better the proposed system worked.

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3.3 Packet Lost

The Packet Lost in any network means the total number of packets dropped during the simulation.

Packet lost = Number of packet send – Number of packet received.

The analytical interpretation of packet lost is that the lower the value of the packet lost means the better performance of the protocol. The following are some set of values given for immediate comparison and the graph generated by ns2 shows how better the proposed system worked

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Details

Pages
34
Year
2020
ISBN (eBook)
9783346132116
Language
English
Catalog Number
v536250
Institution / College
Gauhati University – Gauhati University
Grade
10
Tags
three ieee standard wireless wlan engineering research

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Title: Three algorithms for efficiency analysis of energy consumption in IEEE 802.11 Standard Wireless LAN (WLAN)