Emigration Decision and Realization Process

Term Paper 2016 18 Pages

Communications - Intercultural Communication


Table of Content

Table of Abbreviations

1 Introduction
1.1 Problem Statement
1.2 Objective and Structure

2 Emigration
2.1 Definition and Meaning of Emigration
2.2 Global Migration Figures and Trends

3 Emigration Decision
3.1 Decision Making
3.2 Opportunities and Risks of Emigration
3.3 Fundamental Questions for the Emigration Decision

4 Realization Process
4.1 Emigration Process as a Project
4.2 Process in the Home Country
4.3 Process in the Destination Country
4.4 Obstacles for Emigrants

5 Conclusion
5.1 Achievement of Objectives
5.2 Perspectives

Table of Literature

Table of Abbreviations

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

1 Introduction

1.1 Problem Statement

“Advances in communication and transportation technology have driven globalization forward, allowing us to live in a world where distances between countries and travel time are no longer as significant an obstacles.”1 This development is one of the reasons for nowadays emigration prominence. 45 per cent respondents of a study in Germany can imagine setting up a new existence abroad.2 But not every emigration is successful and emigrants go back to their home country unplanned because of different circumstances.3 There is no simple or easy remedy for successful emigration, due to the fact that everyone´s situation is different. But some questions and guidelines can help to realize an emigration in accordance with the requirements and obstacles set down.

1.2 Objective and Structure

This term paper will focus on how to make the decision to leave one´s homeland to settle down elsewhere and how this can be realized successfully. The aim is to assist people with a free desire to set up a new existence abroad by finding out if emigration is the solution for them and with an summary of important information for the emigration and the integration in the new country. Therefore, some general scientifically based information around emigration are given at the beginning to form a fundamental understanding. After this basic introduction follows the first main part, the decision making. The mechanics of decision making in general as well as the opportunities and risks for emigrants will be addressed. Afterwards follows the praxis orientated part with elementary questions for the emigration decision by using practical experiences. Furthermore, in the second main part, guidelines to realize an emigration and the necessary arrangements in the home and destination country will be given in the form of a checklist. Finally, the most important results will be summed up and some perspectives about another important emigration population next to the free-wills emigrants – the so called ‘refugees’ – will be focused on.

2 Emigration

2.1 Definition and Meaning of Emigration

Emigration is derived from the Late Latin word ‘emigratio’4. There is no standardized definition of ‘emigration’ in general. Depending on the priorities of each individual publication the term is defined differently. Basically ‘emigration’ is the voluntary act of leaving one's country to settle down in another country permanently or for an extended period. Temporal in this context means medium to long-term stay. Emigration is used from the perspective of departure, whereby ‘immigration’ is used when it comes to the point of arrival. The general term for ‘emigration’ and ‘immigration’ is ‘migration’. Migration means the act of moving in general.5

In this assignment the meaning of ‘emigration’ is compared to the previously selected definition. The special needs and circumstances of refugees may get insufficient attention due to its scope. Therefore the last chapter contains a brief outlook about this important emigration population.

2.2 Global Migration Figures and Trends

International migrants are spreading rapidly and the highest record ever was in 2015. Over the past 15 years the number of migrants have increased by 71 million up to 244 million in 2015. Europe was the country with the most international migrants (76 million) in 2015, followed by Asia (75 million) and Northern America (54 million). Africa hosted the fourth largest number of migrants (21 million) while Latin America and the Caribbean (9 million) as well as Oceania (8 million) are at the low end.6 There is a slight imbalance between female and male international migrants, i.e. 48 per cent of all migrants are female and primarily representative in Europe and North America, while in the continents of Asia and Africa migrants are predominantly male. Whereas the median age of migrants worldwide was by 39 years in 2015 mostly originating from middle-income countries (157 million).7

3 Emigration Decision

3.1 Decision Making

Decision making is the “thought process of selecting a logical choice from the available options.”8 Things we do and words we say are results of decisions e.g. wearing a red short, going to work. These are simple decision but making a decision, of any importance like emigration, is never simple. Positives and negatives of each option must be weighted. Furthermore, all alternatives must be considered. And it is not just about making the right decision, luck or bad luck can also influence actions like emigrations.9 Additionally, not everything is predictable or can be planned.

3.2 Opportunities and Risks of Emigration

“Emigration is [...] one of the clearest expressions of human creative power.”10 Those who leave their home country with packed suitcases take their fate into their own hands and change the conditions for themselves. These are usually the most dynamic, most open-minded and bravest peoples of a society.11 A variety of opportunities considering economic, social, political, environmental or personal advantages can be realized by an emigration. It enables to reach a higher level of happiness and life satisfaction and this leads to better health, higher productivity, more creativity and motivation in the workplace, greater social skills and a pro-social behavior.12 When it comes to following a particular career path, to getting a better quality of life, to being closer to their loved ones or to escaping political debates and natural catastrophes or when it is about to realizing a life dream emigration can be a solution.13

But to emigrate should be a well-considered choice because it is a decision with farreaching consequences. Relations to friends, family members, neighbors and colleagues may decrease. Lifestyle, habits and customs in the host country are clearly different to their own home country and may not be compatible with their own expectations and thus creating discomfort, hardship and difficulty in proper integration. Not every emigration is successful and some emigrants go back to their country of origin to start all over again. Therefor it is of particular importance to see emigration from different perspectives and to make careful decisions by taking all important factors into account.14

3.3 Fundamental Questions for the Emigration Decision

Each emigration is based on an individual starting position so there are no set rules for making this decision a successful one. The decision to migrate must be based on sound research and factual situations.15 But nonetheless, it is important to be aware that with every emigration the unknown and the newness come along and only after a time the differences in expectations can be figured out.16 The decision is already the first step in the emigration realization. Following fundamental questions help to get a detailed impression of their own vision to emigrate and to decide on a factual basis whether to take the risk or not.17

Why to emigrate? Figure out the reason for the desire of emigration e.g. for family, job, health or purely for adventure reasons.

What are the expectations from the emigration? Get clarity about the desired improvements by the envisaged emigration for example a closeness to family, better quality of life, or higher job qualifications.

Who else will migrate? Decide if it is a one-person emigration or e.g. with partner, children, friends or pets. Thereupon it is important to take into account special needs and circumstances of the accompanying persons and pets. Involve accompanying persons into the decision process and adjust plans or decisions if necessary.

Where to emigrate and why? Research eligible areas and select as much information about the areas as necessary to make the decision the most suitable one.

Which are the emigration conditions of the destination country? Get informed about entry, residence permit, working permit, availability of personal equity according to the requirements of the host country and other requirements.

How to survive and integrate in this country? Collect information about language, housing, employment, socializing and culture as well as about differences to the home country and decide e.g. to migrate with furniture and belongings or to do not so.

When to emigrate? Check out temporal dependencies like notice periods for jobs, degree course, pregnancy periods etc. and determine an indicative date of departure.

Able to emigrate? Think about psychological, physical, social, monetary aspects and fulfillment of all requirements for each potential migrant and make the decision.

Additional support, advice and consultations can be requested in several public and private institutions. Further, experience reports from successful emigrants and returnees can give additional help and indications. Moreover, is helpful to know, that the emigration decision does not need to be forever, a return is not barred from the decision and Germany for example support a comeback.18 The clearer the one´s own intentions and the challenges are, the easier the decision is.

4 Realization Process

4.1 Emigration Process as a Project

A project is a planned “set of interrelated tasks to be executed over a fixed period” and “intended to achieve a particular purpose”.19, 20 Emigration can be seen as an ambitious project, which is prudent to manage in order to accomplish the aim of successful emigration. Depending on the situation and stage of life, there is a wealth of assignments and formulations to do. The cautious emigration decision is the basis for the realization process and gives first indications about timetable, involved people, special circumstances as well as destination requirements. Already gained experiences in the destination area, internet research, reading brochure, guides and travel blogs are useful to get the most comprehensive picture possible.


1 One America (2016).

2 Cf. Statista (2016).

3 Cf. Author not named, in Wildlife Crossing (2013); Nöth, B. (2013).

4 Cf. Duden (2016).

5 Cf. Anwaltsnotdienst (2016); Vocabulary.com (2016).

6 Cf. IOM Global Migration Data Analysis Centre (2016), United Nations (2016), p. 1.

7 Cf. United Nations (2016), p.1.

8 DB BusinessDictionary (2016a).

9 Cf. DB BusinessDictionary (2016a); Pomerol, J-C. (2012), p. 11 ff.

10 Beppler-Spahl, S. (2010), translated from German: “Emigration ist [...] eine der deutlichsten Bekun-

dungen menschlicher Gestaltungskraft.”.

11 Cf. Beppler-Spahl, S. (2010).

12 Cf. IZA World of Labour (2016).

13 Cf. BBC – GCSE Bitesize (2016); Heinze, S. (2008), p. 11 f.

14 Cf. Heinze, S. (2008), p. 9 ff.

15 Cf. Wohin auswandern (2016a).

16 Cf. Heinze, S. (2008), p. 11 f.

17 Cf. Wohin auswandern (2016a); Author not named, in Wildlife Crossing (2013); Heinze, S. (2008), p. 11 f.; Magnani, C. (2014).

18 Cf. BAMF (2016a).

19 BD BusinessDicitonary (2016b).

20 Cambridge Dictionary (2016).


ISBN (eBook)
ISBN (Book)
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Institution / College
University of Applied Sciences Essen
Intercultural Competencies Emigration Immigration Emigration decision Emigration realization process Emigration realisation process




Title: Emigration Decision and Realization Process