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Fishing in Troubled Waters. Iceland, Norway and the Question of EU Membership

by Ron Böhler (Author)

Term Paper (Advanced seminar) 2010 20 Pages

Politics - International Politics - Region: Western Europe

Summary

This study assumes the validity of liberal intergovernmentalism (LI) theory and follows Ingebritsen‘s sectoral approach. The thesis under investigation is formulated as follows: While the fishing industry in Norway constantly succeed in intervening in national policy-making towards European integration, Icelandic fishermen lost access to governing parties after the sudden change of government in 2009. Consequently they failed to prevent the government from filing the EU membership application.

Iceland and Norway have traditionally been referred to as “outsiders” or even “outliers” in the process of European Integration (Miles 2005). While Iceland had not applied for EU membership until 2009, the Norwegian public rejected the country´s accession twofold in a referendum, first 1972 and again in 1994. Since the mid-1990s, both states have nevertheless been highly affiliated to the EU project through their participation in the European Economic Area (EEA). Additionally, both countries experienced similar developments concerning political representation since 1994, with long-serving Eurosceptic center-right governments, which were replaced by pro-European center-left governments after the turn of the millennium. The electorate in Norway brought a coalition government of Labor, Socialists and Center Party to power in 2005, which was reelected four years later. In Iceland, a coalition of social democrats and Left-Green Movement replaced the conservative government in 2009. How did it come that Iceland for the first time in history applied for EU membership after the change in government while Norway did not?

Details

Pages
20
Year
2010
ISBN (eBook)
9783668538368
ISBN (Book)
9783668538375
File size
1.2 MB
Language
English
Catalog Number
v376502
Institution / College
Free University of Berlin
Grade
1.3
Tags
Iceland Norway EU European Union EU Membership European Integration liberal intergovernmentalism

Author

  • Ron Böhler (Author)

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Title: Fishing in Troubled Waters. Iceland, Norway and the Question of EU Membership