Impacts of Service Delivery on the Reduction of Poverty in Asia-Pacific

Research Paper (undergraduate) 2017 13 Pages

Economics - International Economic Relations


Table of contents

1. Introduction

2. Statistics Background on Poverty Reduction in the Asia-Pacific

3. Stakeholder Involvement in the Eradication of Poverty in Asia-Pacific

4. UNDP Rationality Principles

5. The Management of Urbanization for Inclusive Development

6. Strengthening Responses to Rural Poverty Due To Rural-Urban Migration

7. Infrastructural Development

8. Conclusion

9. References


Poverty continues to be a global problem affecting people either directly or indirectly. Even though there are several factors which can be recognized to being the cause, human factors play a huge role in creating it. Asia-pacific is one of the areas with the chief levels of poverty. Even though there are some areas which can be regarded to be having minimal poverty rates, it is imperative to take into contemplation some areas which have significantly been able to nurture economically regardless of the harsh conditions available in the area. The people's republic of china is a pronounced example when it comes to such a case. However much this region might have been able to develop over time, it is imperative to remember that critical measures have been undertaken. Some of the ways this has been made possible include through; Stakeholder involvement in the extermination of poverty in Asia-pacific, the management of urbanization for inclusive development, and Infrastructural development. To them to do so, different stakeholders have actively been involved towards making sure that relevant measures have been undertaken. The regulation of populations in either setting allows the government and other stakeholders to derive relevant plans aimed at enhancing development. This case is not any different to Asia-pacific countries. As such, countries are adequately prepared with strategies of ensuring that all these processes aimed at combatting poverty have sufficiently been integrated into a country's development activities. The aim of this paper is to highlight on how different stakeholders have been competent to act towards get rid of poverty and how these measures have impacted the country's welfare.

1. Introduction

The Asia-pacific area is commonly composed of individuals that come up with economic and social commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP). This charge entails all members situated in the Asia as well as the Pacific region. Although the area may look as if to have some nations which can be referred as to be economic giants at the moment, it is necessary to acknowledge the fact that this has not constantly been the case. Traditionally, most nations that today make up the commission were reliant on support from top economic leaders such as the United States and the Great Britain. This case has however continued to decrease as more opportunities continue to be created owing to the various activities which have been initiated over time by key stakeholders with the aim of impacting significant change that is likely to make sure that the millennium development goals.

The Asia-pacific region has achieved tremendous economic growth in over the past few decades. Although this might be the case, it is significant to take note of the fact that Asia continues to be viewed as poor due to the increased population of poor people. Statistically, the region is anticipated to be home to half of the world's poorer margin of individuals.

This has over time called the need for making sure that important measures are adequately taken into place to certify that the issue of poverty is addressed. Based on a 2016 study conducted by the World Bank, 33% of the world's 766 million poor people are believed to be living lower than the poverty line of US $1.9 each day. 9% of these individuals live in in the eastern part of Asia and the Pacific (Wan et al 2016).

Contrary to traditional belief that the poor population was believed to be high in the rural setups, the case continues to change as more and more individuals continue to suffer from the rage of poverty even after migrating to urban areas. The increase of urban poor remains to propagate across Asia-pacific which has to this day risen to different countries across this region. Asian governments have found it very difficult to deal with this menace as it rests to grow each day. This just means that more efforts and resources ought to be integrated into the governing system to make sure that more people can access basic amenities and resources. This instance will remain to be the case since more countries remain to be urbanized and more prosperous (Stoler et al, 2010).

Aside from poverty reduction being a major headache to the Asia-pacific region, this problem persists to be considered as an supreme goal that requires meeting at all scales whether it is locally or internationally. This issue has therefore called the need of encompassing different participants from development institutions situated regionally or nationally.

These institutions may either be governmental, non-governmental or in some cases a partnership between the two. To address this problem, principal actors from around the world have proposed for a shift of growth strategies from growth-centric to pro-poor growth and what has recently been well-thought-out as inclusive growth.

Like most parts of the world, development agencies within Asia-pacific region have encouraged research practitioners to be engaged in programs and projects that are more associated to bringing about the aspect of growth along its vast borders. This has also ensured that such activities are managed, monitored and controlled from the local, regional, national as well as international boundaries (Wan et al, 2016).

Based on the results presented by the World Bank, “the sum of poor between 2005 and 2008- 150 million people exited extreme poverty, from 903.4 million to 753.5 million. HCR disbelieved to have fallen from 27.1% in 2005 to 21.9% in 2008 “. Similarly, the statistics also suggest that the rate of poverty fall has been experienced unevenly with some of the nation states in the region being able to benefit from this than others. For instance, the people's republic of china, in East Asia, being able to perform better than any of the other countries in the region. This advantage has also been witnessed too much faster and more widespread in within cities than it has in the countryside. This is a major shortcoming as it simply means that a verge of the total population in this region might be able to enjoy the full benefits of development. Despite the decrease of national poverty proportions in this regions, it is anticipated that some of the groups likely to be affected include vulnerable groups such as women and the minorities (Wan et al, 2016).

2. Statistics Background on Poverty Reduction in the Asia-Pacific


The population of individuals believed to be earning less than $.25 a day was reduced by 12.7% in the year 2011. This percentage was initially thought to be about 35.9% back in the year 2002. Additionally, the number of individuals earning less than each day dropped from 73.9% to 50.7% all through the same time. Although this might sound like a step towards the right track, studies show that about half of the inhabitants in Pakistan still live under conditions which are either vulnerable or live under conditions of utter poverty.


The level of poverty is reflected to have drastically dropped from 54% in 2004 to 28% by 2008. This was a positive outcome as more people in the country were able to enjoy the remunerations of development. Some of the key ways in which people were able to take benefit from this include the manner in which more opportunities were presented allowing them to improve their standards of living. Although this position allowed people to enjoy the benefits of development, this tendency was later reversed in the following year (2009). This change includes a 34% growth in poverty rate. This increase was coupled with a double increase at the moment. By the end of the year 2013, 32% of the Armenian population was regarded as poor whereas 2.7% were considered as extremely poor.


Like other countries in the Asia-pacific countries, the rate of poverty decrease continues to rise and fall from time to time. By 2000, the state showed a poverty alleviation from 48.8% to 31.5% in 2010. Despite this significant change, the country has not fully been able to eradicate the massive rates of poverty in most parts. The state is well-thought-out to have about 17.6% of its population to be living in conditions of extreme poverty (Roy, 2016).


Although the country faces the difficult of poverty, the introduction of sustainable economic development has enabled Indonesia to recover from the shocks brought about by the Asian financial problem of 1998. This recovery allowed the people in the country to overcome an adverse economic challenge. This case has however reformed over time as more than a half of the inhabitants in the country is currently living under $2 each day.


On a global scale, this country is considered to one of the underprivileged countries with a majority of its poor people living in country side areas as compared to those in cities. Aside from the human causes of poverty I the country, natural factors have also heavily played a role in enhancing poverty levels. In general, the geographic location of the country makes it vulnerable to adverse or harsh climatic conditions (Stoler et al, 2010).


Nepal is known to have some parts or regions notoriously associated with poverty levels exceeding 40%. The rate of the inhabitants experiencing adverse debt levels is higher in rural levels than in urban setups. This can be projected as 27% in the countryside and 15% in urban areas. This shortcoming also affects specific groups (disadvantaged) such as those referred to as Dalits. This group experiences greater disadvantages than any other in the country.

3. Stakeholder Involvement in the Eradication of Poverty in Asia-Pacific

Poverty eradication has proved to be an important measure towards ensuring countries can meet their millennium development goals. For them to do so, different stakeholders have actively been involved towards ensuring that significant measures have been undertaken.

This case has not been any different to Asia-pacific countries. The United Nations growth bank has over time been able to design appropriate strategies that would allow this region can adequately eradicate instances of poverty. This organization has been able to create UNDP strategic plan supposed to run from 2014 up to 2017.

This plan has been conscripted with a range of objectives which should be met at the relevant time to ensure poverty is adequately eradicated. The means of doing so are also ensured at providing the measures used should be done in a manner that every aspect of inequality and exclusion is significantly addressed (Roy, 2016).



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impacts service delivery reduction poverty asia-pacific




Title: Impacts of Service Delivery on the Reduction of Poverty in Asia-Pacific