Statement of the Problem ‘Gender Differences and Organizational Role Stress in College Teachers
Design of the Study
Interpretation of the Data
Job environment is one of the important aspect of the world which cause a great deal of stress. Due to the competitive nature of the job environment, most of the people in the world are spending their time on job related work purposes resulting in ignoring the work and life. Talking about gender differences at workplace is a common phrase that female being played a dual duty that’s why more in stress as compare to their male counterparts? Teaching is a respectful profession. In teaching there is more strength of female as compare to male. The present paper aimed to study and compare organizational role stress in college teachers in terms of gender. For the investigation, the investigator took 200 college teachers (100 male + 100 female) from different colleges of Patiala district. The findings showed that there is no significant difference in the level of organizational role stress of male and female college teachers.
The strength of a nation depends upon how well educated its citizens are. Teachers are arguably the most important group of professionals of a nation’s future. But, it has been observed over the years that the teachers are more prone to stress because dealing with students and caring for their better performance throughout the day is itself a stressful situation. Educational institutions are considered a major source of stress in the lives of teachers. Teachers work daily with students; cope up with number of problems, student absenteeism and students with special needs, insufficient funding and lack of personal support. Beehr and Newman (1978) defined organizational stress as that particular kind of condition which results from the interaction of people with their job and is observed by the unnatural behavior within people which disturb their normal functioning. Murphy (1979) defined organizational stress as the harmful physical and emotional responses that occur when the requirements of the job do not match the capabilities, resources or needs of the worker; it can lead to poor health and even injury. Pareek (1983) conceptualized ten organizational role stress factors for different profession viz. inter-role distance (when the role occupant finds it difficult to balance between the organizational and non- organizational roles), role stagnation (inability to take over a new role; the role occupant keeps on stagnating in the old role due to lack of competence for the new role) role expectation conflict (when the role occupant encounters conflicting expectations from his/her role), role erosion (results when some of the important functions belonging to one’s role are performed by other roles), role overload (when there are too many or too high expectations from one’s role, role isolation (role occupant experiences lack of interaction/communication with the connected roles), personal inadequacy (role occupant does not have the competence for performing in his/her role, self-role distance (role occupant experiences a conflict between the self and his/her role; the role demands what the role occupant does not like to do, role ambiguity (role occupant is not clear about expectations from his/her role) and resource inadequacy (role occupant encounters inadequacy of resources for performing in his/her role). Sexana and Mohanty (1992) studied occupational stress and mental health in executives: A comparative study of the public and private sectors executives in general, experienced, greater organizational support than public executives. Cooper (2007) studied in the field of teacher’s stress and examined the sources of stress among teachers. Ravichandran and Rajendran (2007) revealed that private school teachers face more stress than the government teachers. This may be due to low salary and more burden of work in the private school. Aziz (2007) worked out the problem “ORS: An investigation of gender differences” and the study used a descriptive research design. The instrument used for collecting data was organizational role stress scale. The organizational role stress scale was a comprehensive tool to elicit data about the different role stressors afflicting a respondent. It covers a range of the stressors that might be experienced by an occupational group. The study found the similar level of stress for male and female employees on the overall organizational role stress. However, on individual stressors, statistically significant differences had been reported on the basis of gender and marital status. Mondal, Shrestha and Bhaila (2011) found a significant difference between male and female teachers, with male having more psychological stress and physical stress than the female teachers. Aftab and Khatoon (2012) studied that there is no significant difference in the level of occupational stress of male and female primary school teachers. Aneja (2014) studied organizational role stress on a sample of 212 college teachers to find the difference in role stress amongst government and private managed college teachers. Sample was drawn randomly from the 14 colleges in Punjab. A total of 212 college teachers were selected. Organizational role stress scale by Udai Pareek (1983) was used to collect data. It was concluded that teachers working in government colleges are more stressed than their counterparts in privately managed colleges. Kusum (2014) studied attitude of teachers towards using new technology in education. Descriptive survey method was employed and 100 teachers were selected by purposive sampling technique. After the analysis of data it was found that there is no significant difference between the attitude of private and government, as well as with respect to their sex and area of senior secondary school teachers towards using new technology.
STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM “GENDER DIFFERENCES AND ORGANIZATIONAL ROLE STRESS IN COLLEGE TEACHERS”
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the present study was to study gender difference in organizational role stress and its dimensions among male and female college teachers of Patiala District.
HYPOTHESES: The hypothesis of the present study was that there exists no gender difference in organizational role stress and its dimensions among college teachers of Patiala District.
Due to paucities of time and resources, the investigator delimited the present study as:-
1 The sample of study was drawn from colleges of Patiala District only.
2 The study was delimited to the 200 teachers of Patiala District only.
3 The study was confined to male and female college teachers only.
DESIGN OF THE STUDY: The study was a descriptive survey, which was conducted on the college teachers of Patiala District.
Sampling Distribution of College Teachers Across Gender
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Organizational Role Stress (ORS) scale by Udai Pareek (1983).
INTERPRETATATION OF THE DATA:
The t-test was applied to find out the significant mean difference in male and female college teachers. The findings were presented on the table-I.
Test of the significance of the difference between means of dimensions wise as well as Total Organizational Role Stress Scores on the variable 'Gender'
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