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Stress. An Overview

Essay 2016 7 Pages

Sociology - Miscellaneous

Excerpt

Stress: An Overview

Abstract

Today, we all are a part of globalizing era which is characterized by excellence, competitions, quality etc. along with stress, strain human being and in a world that is changing at a tremendous pace, globalization had led to a dynamic change all over the world. Many events occurring in daily life bring challenges that last upon our minds, bodies and emotions to different extents, subjecting us to stress of various types namely mental, physical and emotional. Stress is a state, which an individual finds himself in, when his systems and faculties are unable to measure up to that challenge even by stretching the capacities to the maximum one. Life stress is the reality and no one can deny that he/she does not have stress in life. Stress includes all human being irrespective of their gender, age, category, religion, level of education occupation, income etc. it includes all services such as agriculture, business, education, housing, manufacturing etc. Thus it should be considered as an important aspect of life without which life will become boring.

Introduction:

Among the hardest parts of living in modern world is stress. With the worries about work, the environment, the economy, natural disasters, terrorism and general state of the world, it seems that there is no end to the number of things to worry about. Though we cannot control many of these things, they still weigh on our minds and cause us stress. However, despite these concerns, we should try to avoid stress. Stress is a subject which is hard to avoid. The term is discussed not only in our everyday conversation but has become enough of a public issue to attract widespread media attention, whether it is radio, television, newspapers, or magazines, issue of stress figures, everywhere. Different people have different views about it as stress can be experienced from a variety of sources. With increasing concern about quality of life, concern in stress has also increased. Today, we all are a part of globalizing era which is characterized by excellence, competitions, quality etc. along with stress, strain human being and in a world that is changing at a tremendous pace, globalization had led to a dynamic change all over the world. Many events occurring in daily life bring challenges that last upon our minds, bodies and emotions to different extents, subjecting us to stress of various types namely mental, physical and emotional. Stress is a state, which an individual finds himself in, when his systems and faculties are unable to measure up to that challenge even by stretching the capacities to the maximum one. Stress is a general term to describe tense situations and reaction to them usually having a strong emotional content. Stress is feeling bad due to troubles beyond our control. Hans Selye (1936) defined stress as the non specific (that is, common) result of any demand upon the body, be the effect mental or somatic. Being the father of stress research he was able to recognize a syndrome in response to damage of any kind to the body. Subsequently this syndrome came to be known as the general adaptation syndrome (GAS) or biologic stress Syndrome, with its three distinct stages of alarm reaction (initial response) resistance and exhaustion.

Concept of Stress:

Beehr and Newman (1978) considered stress to be condition that individual’s psychological and physical states such that is forced deviate from the normal functioning. Lazarus (1984) “Stress is in harmonious fit between person and the environment, one in which the person’s resources are taxed or exceed, forcing the person to struggle, usually in complex way and to cope with.”

A three-system approach can also be applied to stress. Frankenhaeuser (1983) defines psychological stress as involving a cognitive appraisal of the balance between situational demands, on the one hand and personal coping on the other. The greater the perceived difference between the two, then the more psychosocial factors is implicated in arousing the pituitary adrenocortical and sympathetic adrenal systems. Stress is seen as an intervening variable that sets off a coordinated pattern of compensatory responses having behavioral, autonomic, and experiential aspects.

Pearlin, Liberman, Menaghan and Mullan (1981) agrees that stress refers to a response of the organism to a noxious or threatening condition. If persons have experienced numerous, intense or prolonged episodes of stress, their resistance will be reduced. The experience of stress, moreover, does not lead to personal deterioration. But somehow stress benefits people, making them more tender, humble and hardy. Both gains and losses have been identified in longitudinal studies (Haan, 1977). So it may facilitate growth by tempering arrogance and by enhancing our tenderness toward others and ourselves.

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Details

Pages
7
Year
2016
ISBN (eBook)
9783668297005
File size
521 KB
Language
English
Catalog Number
v339938
Grade
Tags
life stress lifestress aspects of life

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Title: Stress. An Overview