The process of Action Research and Interactive Methods

Term Paper 2016 17 Pages

Business economics - General


Table of Contents

1. Project Background

2. Methods
2.1 Project plan
Project Definition Form
2.2 Milestone Chart
Determining Milestones
Gantt Chart
2.3 Defining Project Responsibilities
2.4 Risk Analysis
2.4.1. Identify Threats
2.4.2. Estimate Risk

3. Conclusions

4 Reference

1. Project Background

From 2013 to 2015 the case company that produces articulated haulers started a program to reduce energy waste during idle time. The focus is on energy reduction of electricity in fabrication. No investment, only behavior changes are in center due to high tax rates of CO2 emission in the EU (Sandoff, A.&Schaad,G, 2009). In this program, Volvo wanted to achieve the reduction goals through changing the employee's behaviour by shutting down laser machines, robots, lights, etc. within the factory to create a new awareness culture. In the year 2015, The case company CE succeeded to reduce the energy wastes to 15 % (The case company annual report, 2015) and planned to introduce their strategies to other sites or other members within Sustainable Småland. The group members are working with The case company to summarize their achievements and discover the reason why they succeed theoretically and persuade sites and other companies to use the same strategies.

2. Methods

This chapter is to conduct a preliminary project plan which consist: project description, time and activity plan, assigned responsibilities, and risk analysis. In the accompanying parts a short portrayal of the technique will be trailed by an assessment and its utilization to the project work.

2.1 Project plan

Compromising in project planning is a formula for fiasco, regardless of what the reason is. The initial stage is the basic to the accomplishment of the project as it sets up its center establishments. Viable planning mulls over all parts of planning including stakeholder engagement, advantages mapping, hazard evaluation, and also the genuine arrangement (plan) itself. The three most referred to figures for task disappointment are:

- lack of stakeholder engagement,
- lack of correspondence, and
- lack of clear parts and obligations.

These variables hence, should be considered at an early stage in the creation and planning of any project. (Prioritymanagement.com. 2016)

The solitary bringing together trademark new and complex project possess is the powerlessness for all stakeholders to be in agreement keeping in mind the end goal to imagine the same result. Great project directors in this manner, should recognize every stakeholders and guarantee, through great correspondence, that stakeholders have clarity of the projects targets and output. Before detailed planning happens, stakeholders understanding for the project output are received (this has for quite some time been perceived as a noteworthy element for project achievement) (Prioritymanagement.com. 2016)

Project Plan and Definition Form:

Project Definition Form

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Project Definition Form gives the team a good overview of the project through summarizing the background, objectives, benefits, criterias and so on. A clear understand would be kept through this chart among the whole process. At the same time the Project Definition Form shows the significant relationship between the Project Director, the Project Sponsors and Project Stakeholders.

2.2 Milestone Chart

Contemporary methods for project planning and operations booking can be followed back to the work of pioneers in the field of scientific management, for example, Frederick Taylor and Henry Laurence Gantt. Taylor's time and motion studies are well known to understudies of industrial engineering and business organization. Gantt Diagrams frame the premise for some present production booking frameworks. The relative straightforwardness of the Gantt Outline is one motivation behind why this system keeps on accepting far reaching application. The supposed course of events outline is one of the more regular types of Gantt Diagrams utilized today. (Personal.umich 2016)

Determining Milestones

Milestones are key components or focuses in time that can be distinguished in the advancement of a system or project. A Milestone Chart Outline gives a consecutive rundown of the different assignments to be proficient in the system or project (errands, thusly, can be separated into particular exercises if this level of definite is justified) and an expanded consciousness of the interdependencies between assignments. The rundown of errands and breakthroughs are shown contiguous a period scale. Images on the time scale identify the dates (or times) that every milestone is booked, when it is finished, if slippage has happened, etc. This data can be aggregated in machine-decipherable structure and, the information can be coded for different "sorts" utilizing electronic information handling hardware: by hierarchical units, by task and subproject, by execution status, etc. Personal.umich(2016)

To show how the work is really advancing, a line or bar can be drawn inside of the uprights of this image. The length of this line speaks to the measure of work really finished to date. Personal.umich(2016)

The Milestone methodology is not without its impediments. Connections among tasks (Milestone) still are not completely established. While recorded in ordered arrangement, milestones are not as a matter of course related in a legitimate grouping, that is, not the greater part of the essential interrelationships can be shown. Further, the Milestone Diagram does not take into consideration measuring the impact of changes and slippages; it only enhances the reporting of them. Personal.umich(2016)


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From this chart the group get a good overview to the significant point in the project, the recorded interviews are good tools for the group to discuss and work with, also by summarizing these milestones, the project could be easier to understand because every interview would influence the whole project, reading these milestone, group member would be able to see how project processed.



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Linneaus University – School of Economics
Action research interactive methods




Title: The process of Action Research and Interactive Methods