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History of Snowboarding

Term Paper 2012 8 Pages

Health - Sport - Sport History

Excerpt

Content

1 Introduction

2 The beginning in the USA

3 Development in Europe

4 Cultural development

5 Conclusion

6 References

1 Introduction

In the last years snowboarding experienced an upswing with impressive developments like only a few other sports did. Snowboarding is carried out in most winter sport areas around the world.

The aim of this essay is to look at snowboarding from a historical and cultural point of view.

The developments of snowboarding are presented in different phases. Firstly the formation in the United States and secondly the development in Europe are characterised. Thereafter there is a description of the cultural development, which shows how snowboarding goes mainstream.

In the conclusion of this essay the most important happenings during the history of snowboarding are summarised.

2 The beginning in the USA

Snowboarding has its origins in the 1960´s in the United States of America. The main idea was to establish surfing in wintertime (see Howe, 1998, p. 6). The first snowboard was invented by Sherman Poppen in 1965 (see Preszler, 2004, p. 7). He got the idea while he saw his daughter sledding in a standing position (see Howe, 1998, p. 6). The construction was built up by two attached skis and a string at the front edge for stabilisation (see Preszler, 2004, p. 7). Sherman Poppen received a license for his invention in 1966. In the following years the construction was bought nearly one million times all over the United States. This first invented snowboard was called ‘snurfer‘ (see Howe, 1998, p. 6). This name is derived from the words snow and surfer (see Ryan, 1998, p. 11).

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

exhibit 1: snurfer[1]

Another famous pioneer in the development of snowboarding was Jake Burton Carpenter (see Howe, 1998, p. 6). His early enthusiasm for the ‘snurfer‘ led him to design an advanced version of the snowboard. Additional bindings caused higher stability and did therefore revolutionise the snowboarding. From the 1970´s up to now his snowboards show still a great demand (see Preszler, 2004, p. 7).

In addition to Jake Burton several other persons were working on improving the ‘snurfer‘. Dimitrie Milovich, a surfboard manufacturer, produced the most inventive snowboards during the 1970´s. This so called ‘winterstick‘ was made out of wood with steel edges. He realised that a snowboard looks more than a surfboard, but must have the same characteristics as a ski. In 1980 Milovich decided to sell his ‘winterstick‘ company placed in Utah. After that he became interested in windsurfing. Over time a lot of people used the ‘winterstick‘ design to create own constructions (see Howe, 1998, p. 8).

Abbildung in dieser Leseprobe nicht enthalten

exhibit 2: winterstick[2]

The third invention allowing surfing in the snow was constructed by Tom Sims. He lived in California and was famous for surfing and skateboarding (see Hranik, 2004, p. 13). In his early years he has already been designing skateboards and used the practical experiences to build snowboards (see Pottkämper, 2010, p. 44). In 1997, Bob Webber, the inventor of the patented ‘skiboard‘, intended Tom Sims for manufacturing his concept (see Howe, 1998, p. 18). Webber sold his rights in ‘skiboards‘ to Jake Burton in 1990. The reason for that was the short lifetime of his invention (see Hebbel-Seeger, 1997, pp. 12-15).

[...]


[1] www.nama.org.au/images/Burton%20Snowbaord-26.jpg

[2] www.business.transworld.net/wpcontent/blogs.dir/1/files/2012/01/winterstick_splitboardregboard.jpg

Details

Pages
8
Year
2012
ISBN (eBook)
9783656839088
File size
429 KB
Language
English
Catalog Number
v283941
Institution / College
Hochschule für Gesundheit und Sport, Ismaning
Grade
2,0
Tags
Snowboard Snowboarding Snowboarden History Sportgeschichte Geschichte

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Title: History of Snowboarding