Development of Workforce Education and Qualification. Comparison between India and Germany

Term Paper 2013 9 Pages

Leadership and Human Resource Management - Miscellaneous


Table Of Contents

1 Introduction

2 Definitions
2.1 Workforce
2.1.1 Low Skilled
2.1.2 Medium Skilled
2.1.3 High Skilled
2.2 Workforce education & qualification
2.2.1 Education
2.2.2 Qualification

3 Situation in India

4 Situation in Germany

5 Approaches to improve workforce politics

6 Internet Sources

1 Introduction

Evolution and the urge to become increasingly independent are said to be vital characteristics of human beings and although different countries face different challenges, there is one thing which they all share: the wish to become successful. Two countries, which are completely different to each other, Germany and India, have both tried their best to reach a highly respected status in the world. They do not share many similarities and this makes it interesting to identify their respective challenges and find out their strengths and weaknesses.

Most countries participated in, or were shaped by World War II. India, however, did not face as severe challenges as Germany did after the war. This global conflict did not mark a key turning point in India’s history. India’s turning point in economic history came when Western countries realized the potential and benefits of its cheap labour force in the late twentieth century. Up to that point, India had largely been an agricultural-based country and was not prepared for such a rapid economic growth and development.

Germany, on the other hand, had to deal with severe damages after World War II, and this is said to be one of the major turning points in this country’s history, marking it until today. Thanks to both financial aid by its partners (e.g. Marshall Plan) and the implementation of new immigration laws in the 1960s, Germany regained the trust of its partners and is now known to be the largest economy in Europe, with a chancellor, who is said to be the second most influencing person in the world.[1]

The momentary financial crisis within Europe and the Western world, as well as the need for the expansion of mostly IT-related companies into India, are interesting aspects which will be discussed in the framework of this essay.

2 Definitions

2.1 Workforce

2.1.1 Low Skilled

Literature states that unskilled workers and untrained professionals are workers, who did not receive any professional training and have only very few specialized skills.

These workers often tend to be employed in unskilled jobs, which do not require any skills or professional training. The skills needed, in order to complete this job , are learnt on site, but without any further training. On the other hand it is positive that they are able to adapt themselves easily and without much help to their work environment.[2]

2.1.2 Medium Skilled

This kind of worker is partly trained, but this is still not sufficient enough in order to perform specialized work.[3] He has developed skills in a specific profession and can easily handle every job that you do not need a college degree for.

2.1.3 High Skilled

High skilled labour is most likely to be found in jobs which require a high degree of expertise, often in a specific field. These workers are professionally trained in their field and for their tasks.[4] A workforce is defined as being high skilled, if its members obtained a university degree or at least attended college.

2.2 Workforce education & qualification

2.2.1 Education

Education is defined as the knowledge or skill obtained or developed by a learning process.[5] It is hence a process in which one is being taught something, with the result of being able to complete new tasks.

2.2.2 Qualification

A qualification is the result of an education process or a certificate for a quality, ability, or accomplishment that makes someone suitable for a particular position or task.[6] The focus is put on the result and the fact that the worker is able now to accomplish a task.

3 Situation in India

Both, technology and globalization have changed the world’s economies. Liberalization and further changes in certain markets and sectors have consequently and sustainably changed the Indian economy.[7]

India is often described as a country which, compared to economies with a steady and proportionate growth, has gone through vast and drastic changes over the last few decades. In 1983, India still had an unskilled population of 83 %, which shrank to a perceptive of 77% of unskilled workers by 2004.[8] This number does not seem to mark a drastic change at first, but taking into account that India has a total population of over 1,200 million, a change of about 6% is remarkable. Over 900 million non-agricultural jobs have been created within the last 30 years and helped people out of poverty.[9] Even so, the majority of the Indian population are so-called unskilled workers.

The Indian government has undertaken steps to help and encourage its people to gain at least a basic education so that they, possess enough skills to complete simple tasks, such as painting, gardening, or landscaping. A basic knowledge is vital. A painter, for example, needs to have a basic understanding of the materials or specific tools he uses. He has to understand the difference between interior and exterior painting, how to remove stains, preparation prior to the application of paint, and above all, how to interact with a customer.[10] This kind of workers are, within the above mentioned definition, classified as unskilled workers.


[1] cf. Focus (06.12.2012), http://www.focus.de (status as of 26.02.2013)

[2] cf. Pooja Security & Manpower Services (2010), http://poojasecurity.com (status as of: 18.02.2013)

[3] cf. thefreedictionary (publication date unknown), http://www.thefreedictionary.com/semiskilled (status as of: 18.02.2013)

[4] cf. Pooja Security & Manpower Services (2010), http://poojasecurity.com (status as of: 18.02.2013)

[5] cf. thefreedictionary (publication date unknown), http://www.thefreedictionary.com/education (status as of: 18.02.2013)

[6] cf. thefreedictionary (publication date unknown), http://www.thefreedictionary.com/qualification (status as of: 18.02.2013)

[7] cf. McKinsey Global Institute (2012), http://www.mckinsey.com/ (status as of: 18.02.2013)

[8] cf. Watson Wyatt Worldwide (2007) www.watsonwyatt.com (status as of: 04.03.2011)

[9] cf. McKinsey Global Institute (2012), http://www.mckinsey.com/ (status as of: 18.02.2013)

[10] cf. livemint (2013) http://www.livemint.com/ (status as of: 04.03.2011)


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Title: Development of Workforce Education and Qualification. Comparison between India and Germany