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A Framework for Real-time 3D Reconstruction by Space Carving using Graphics Hardware

Diploma Thesis 2006 146 Pages

Communications - Research, Studies, Enquiries

Summary

Reconstruction of real-world scenes from a set of multiple images is a topic in Computer Vision and 3D
Computer Graphics with many interesting applications. There exists a powerful algorithm for shape reconstruction
from arbitrary viewpoints, called Space Carving. However, it is computationally expensive and
hence can not be used with applications in the field of 3D video or CSCW as well as interactive 3D model
creation. Attempts have been made to achieve real-time framerates using PC cluster systems. While these
provide enough performance they are also expensive and less flexible. Approaches that use GPU hardware
acceleration on single workstations achieve interactive framerates for novel-view synthesis, but do
not provide an explicit volumetric representation of the whole scene. The proposed approach shows the
efforts in developing a GPU hardware-accelerated framework for obtaining the volumetric photo hull of
a dynamic 3D scene as seen from multiple calibrated cameras. High performance is achieved by employing
a shape from silhouette technique in advance to obtain a tight initial volume for Space Carving. Also
several speed-up techniques are presented to increase efficiency. Since the entire processing is done on a
single PC the framework can be applied to mobile setups, enabling a wide range of further applications.
The approach is explained using programmable vertex and fragment processors with current hardware and
compared to highly optimized CPU implementations. It is shown that the new approach can outperform
the latter by more than one magnitude. The downloadable introduction has been written specifically for this offer. Its contents are only a subset of the real introductory chapter of the thesis.

Details

Pages
146
Year
2006
ISBN (eBook)
9783869438023
ISBN (Book)
9783869431000
File size
14 MB
Language
English
Catalog Number
v186283
Institution / College
University of Weimar
Grade
1
Tags
framework real-time reconstruction space carving graphics hardware

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Title: A Framework for Real-time 3D Reconstruction by Space Carving using Graphics Hardware