Examination of the natural impacts to the development of the tourist destination: Lanzarote

Essay 2011 11 Pages



Table of Contents

1. Introduction

2. Lanzarote: location and characteristics

3. Environmental aspects of Lanzarote
3.1. Biosphere reserve by UNESCO
3.2. Natural impacts and key environmental sectors

4. Conclusion

5. References

Critically examine the impacts upon EITHER the natural OR the socio-cultural systems that the development of tourism has, or may potentially have upon a tourism destination with which you

are familiar

1. Introduction

There are different impacts that the development of tourism has on a destination, for instance, natural or environmental, economical, political or socio-cultural. The environment is one of the most important issues for the development and promotion of a tourist destination, and also the most fragile (Franco and Garcia, 1999).

Due to the huge influx of tourists known as “mass tourism”, the impacts of the development can be positive and negative. Positive economic impacts are the improvement of infrastructure and the attraction of more investment in the area; negative the increase of prices and of income inequality. Positive socio-cultural impacts enhance the increase of cultural exchange and restoration of buildings; negative socio-cultural like immigration and assumption of the stereotypes of tourist; and finally, negative environmental impacts like noise, pollution, destruction of the natural environment, huge buildings in natural areas, overuse of water, problems with the treatment of wastes, water pollution by liquid waste, destruction of historical monuments, air pollution from the use of vehicles and heating, changes in the landscape to promote activities entertainment and sports such as golf; etc. But not only mass tourism affects on the environment, alternative tourism can also make an unsustainable use of resources (Garcia and Sancho, 1999).

This essay will examine critically the natural impacts that the development of tourism has upon the destination Lanzarote. This Spanish island is famous for its unique volcanic landscape and its biosphere reserve. The island of Lanzarote is within the 10 most popular islands of Europe (Trivago, 2009) and personally one of my favourite travel destinations due to family reasons. (1606 words)

2. Lanzarote: location and characteristics

Lanzarote is part of the seven Canary Islands in Spain and its capital is Arrecife. It is located in the Atlantic Ocean, in front of Fuerteventura Island and the south coast of Morocco.

Map of Canary Islands

Source: Lanzaroteholidayvilla, 2010.

Lanzarote has an area of 845.93 km2 and a population of about 150.000 inhabitants (Instituto Nacional de Estadística, 2010). The island is known as “Isla de Fuego” (Fire Island) or “the Black Pearl of the Atlantic Ocean” due to its large number of volcanoes. Since 1993, Lanzarote is under the protection of the Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO (Turismo Lanzarote, 2010). The average annual temperature is about 21°C, which represents an eternal spring and therefore a perfect tourism destination (ibid).

Tourism is an essential part of the economy of the Canary Islands, but Lanzarote has a more modest and sustainable approach to tourism in comparison to Tenerife or Gran Canaria. This tourism strategy was influenced by the artist César Manrique, who has strongly marked the external aspect of the island by taken into consideration the traditional buildings and the natural environment. He created several breathtaking tourist monuments on Lanzarote, including the grotto “Jameos de Agua” with its famous natural auditorium, the “Jardin de Cactus” a garden with ten thousand cacti and stone sculptures or houses in typical style, white coloured with green windows, like the “house of the farmer”. It is impossible to escape the influence of César Manrique when visiting Lanzarote.

These special cultural and natural attractions combined with the volcanic environment and the climate allow tourists to have a unique travel experience on Lanzarote.



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Bournemouth University
examination lanzarote




Title: Examination of the natural impacts to the development of the tourist destination: Lanzarote